Answer to Question #7243 Submitted to "Ask the Experts"
The following question was answered by an expert in the appropriate field:
You are correct, most satellite dishes receive weak signals; they do not generate high-intensity electromagnetic waves. And yes, there are government standards to protect the public. Microwave emissions from such transmitting sites must be below a certain level, while higher levels must be restricted, usually with fencing or distance, by using a tower. These restrictive emission levels are usually at the point of nearest public access, but the effect of additional distance greatly reduces these levels.
Microwave radiation, the type emitted from radar, is also similar to the type used by cell phones. Microwave radiation's primary mode of biological interaction is heating, unlike ionizing radiation (x rays, radioactivity). Microwave ovens use high amounts of microwave radiation, but these ovens must have two safety interlocks to operate safely and protect the public, and the external emissions, like cell phones and radar emissions, are extremely low and very safe.
The high-frequency sound you refer to should not be associated with a satellite dish and is probably not hazardous unless of very high intensity. But without any additional information, it is difficult to determine what the source of this high-frequency sound is.
For additional information on radiofrequency (RF) radiation, I refer you to the Health Physics Society's Q and A section that addresses microwave radiation along with other electromagnetic radiations. Embedded in some of these answers are additional links to other websites with useful information.
In addition to these regulatory safety standards, there continues to be a lack of credible scientific evidence to show that such emissions pose a safety issue for the public.
Orhan H Suleiman, MS, PhD