The United States Army Medical Department (USAMEDD) Response to Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: The Special Medical Augmentation Response Team - Preventive Medicine (SMART-PM) Program
M. A. Melanson, S. G. Goodison, D. P. Alberth, J. W. Clark
Since it was first established in 1775, the United States Army Medical Department (USAMEDD) has proudly served our nation and its soldiers. With unique capabilities to deploy and sustain medical operations to distant and austere locations, the USAMEDD has been tasked over the last decade to respond to incidents and disasters in support of U.S. based civil authorities. For example, the USAMEDD has provided medical support to natural disasters such as Hurricane Andrew in Dade County, Florida, in the summer of 1992. It is important to note that this critical support is not just limited to events occurring in the United States. USAMEDD medical teams have literally responded around the globe. Some more recent examples include deployments to Guatemala, Haiti, the country of Georgia, and, since 11 September 2001, operations in Afghanistan. To more efficiently and effectively respond to the broad spectrum of possible threats and disasters that might occur, the USAMEDD established Special Medical Augmentation Teams or SMART in 1999. These tailored medical teams assemble the required expertise to respond to the specific nature of the incident or disaster. Currently, there are 10 different types of SMART units that address everything from severe burn treatment to post-traumatic stress management. The focus of this paper is the SMART-Preventive Medicine, or SMART-PM, unit and its emerging role in responding to nuclear and radiological incidents.
This abstract was presented at the 36th Annual Midyear Meeting, "Radiation Safety Aspects of Homeland Security and Emergency Response", Radiological Incidents, Part 2 Session, 1/26/2003 - 1/29/2003, held in San Antonio, TX.