Health and Safety Considerations for United States Monitors in the Russian Transparency Program
C. J. Boggs
In 1993, the United States and the Russian Federation signed an agreement allowing the United States to purchase highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Russia over a 20-year period. This Highly Enriched Uranium Purchase Agreement permits the purchase of 500 metric tons of HEU from dismantled Russian nuclear weapons. This HEU is in the form of low-enriched uranium (LEU) for use as power reactor fuel in the United States. Under the HEU Agreement, the United States and Russia are cooperating in a "Transparency Program" to ensure that arms control and nonproliferation objectives are met. The Transparency Program measures, which are a departure from traditional, intrusive measures of verification, include sending individuals from the United States to Russia to monitor the processing of HEU.
This abstract was presented at the 32nd Annual Midyear Meeting, "Creation and Future Legacy of Stockpile Stewardship Isotope Production, Applications, and Consumption", Health Implications of Stockpile Stewardship Session, 1/24/1999 - 1/27/1999, held in Albuquerque, NM.