Assessment of Exposure to Depleted Uranium During Operation Desert Storm
J. W. Collins, D. P. Alberth, G. Lodde
The U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (USACHPPM) completed an interim exposure assessment and risk characterization for the Department of Defense (DOD) Office of the Special Assistant for Gulf War Illnesses (OSAGWI) concerning possible Depleted Uranium (DU) exposures during Operation Desert Storm. Existing DU test documents, pertinent data, and assumptions regarding DU exposure were employed to produce an initial DU exposure assessment and health risk characterization for OSAGWI's Level I exposure scenarios. The Committed Effective Dose Equivalent (CEDE) for Level I individuals (crew members and first responders), excluding those with DU fragment injuries, inside an M1A1 Heavy Armor Abrams tank was estimated to be less than 5 mSv (0.5 rem) based on a 15-minute exposure duration. Specifically, this scenario addresses a situation in which the crew compartment is penetrated by a single M829 120 mm DU round from a fratricide incident. The CEDE was calculated using an estimated inhalation intake of 22 mg insoluble DU oxide and 4 mg soluble DU oxide and an estimated secondary ingestion intake of 13.3 mg insoluble DU oxide and 2.7 mg soluble DU oxide for the 15-minute exposure duration.
This abstract was presented at the 32nd Annual Midyear Meeting, "Creation and Future Legacy of Stockpile Stewardship Isotope Production, Applications, and Consumption", Health Implications of Stockpile Stewardship Session, 1/24/1999 - 1/27/1999, held in Albuquerque, NM.